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A Bachelor degree is the first academic degree awarded after the completion of undergraduate studies. Such first cycle studies should last at minimum three years and at maximum four years. The Bachelor degree should be relevant to the European labour market as an appropriate level of qualification. In many countries, Bachelor degrees can be obtained from both universities and other higher education institutions. Programmes leading to the Bachelor degree may and should have different orientations and various profiles in order to accommodate a diversity of individual, academic and labour market needs. Some countries may use another award designation than the "Bachelor" for the first cycle degree, such as Bakkalaureus or Lizentiat. The level of qualification that has to be reached with a Bachelor degree is described within the European ↑qualifications framework.[1] According to this framework, a Bachelor degree should be awarded to "students who: -  have demonstrated knowledge and understanding in a field of study that builds upon their general secondary education, […]; -  can apply their knowledge and understanding in a manner that indicates a professional approach to their work or vocation, […]; -  have the ability to gather and interpret relevant data […] to inform judgements that include reflection on relevant social, scientific or ethical issues; -  can communicate information, ideas, problems and solutions to both specialists and non-specialist audiences; -  have developed those learning skills that are necessary for them to continue to undertake further study with a high degree of autonomy."[2]
Related terms:
↑Cycles; ↑Diploma Supplement; ↑Doctoral studies; ↑Learning outcome; ↑Master; ↑Recognition

[1] Cf. Qualifications.

[2] Cf. Qualifications, pp. 66-67.

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