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Evaluation can be described as a "systematic investigation of the worth or merit of an object"[1], for example in terms of the ↑Bologna Process a degree programme, a higher education institution or a department within such an institution. One of the ten Bologna action lines refers to the promotion of European cooperation in ↑quality assurance with a view to develop comparable criteria and methodologies.[2] Evaluation is a crucial instrument of quality assurance. In the European ↑Standards and guidelines, two forms of evaluation are distinguished:[3] -  Internal evaluation refers to higher education institutions' formal mechanisms for the approval, periodic review and monitoring of their programmes, awards, research or administration. -  External evaluation can include institutional evaluations of different types or subject or programme evaluations. However, these two kinds of evaluation are closely linked with one another because external evaluation should always take into account results of the internal evaluations.[4] Evaluation procedures can be applied to different aspects of a higher education institution, for example to teaching, research or administration.
Related terms:
↑Accreditation; ↑ENQA – European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education; ↑Follow-up; ↑Peer review

[3] Cf. Standards.

[4] Cf. Standards, p. 19.

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