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European Research Area (ERA)

The concept of a European Research Area (ERA) was first introduced by the European Commission. The aim was to build a research and innovation equivalent of the "common market" for goods and services. This equivalent was called the ERA and regrouped all Community support for the better coordination of research activities and the convergence of research and innovation policies, at national and European Union level.[1] In order to support the establishment of the ERA, the European Research Council (ERC) was created. In the Berlin Communiqué (2003) it was stated that the emerging ↑European Higher Education Area (EHEA) would benefit from synergies with the ERA. The European Ministers agreed that the close links between the EHEA and the ERA should be promoted. Research was seen as an integral part of higher education across Europe. Therefore, the European Ministers decided to go beyond the focus on two main ↑cycles of higher education and to include ↑doctoral studies as the third cycle in the ↑Bologna Process.[2]
Related term:
↑Promoting the European Higher Education Area (EHEA)

[2] Berlin, p. 7.

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