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Accreditation of prior experiential learning (APEL)

Accreditation of prior experiential learning (APEL) systems "evaluate and recognise individuals' existing knowledge, skills and experience gained over long periods and in diverse contexts, including in non-formal and informal settings. The methods used can uncover skills and competencies that individuals themselves may not have realised they possess and can offer to employers"[1]. "The terms ↑accreditation of prior learning (APL) or accreditation of prior experiential learning (APEL) are used to denote the procedures and arrangements for the formal ↑recognition and the act of formal recognising, in the case of APL some kind of certificated learning, and in the case of APEL all forms of non-formal and informal learning."[2] At the Berlin Conference (2003), the European Ministers stressed that "the recognition of prior learning must become an integral part of higher education activity. […] Many factors are presently combining to make the issue of accreditation of prior learning (APL) and accreditation of prior experiential learning (APEL) more visible than ever before […]"[3].
Related terms:
↑ECTS – European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System; ↑Formal, non-formal and informal learning

[1] Commission of the European Communities: A Memorandum on Lifelong Learning. Commission Staff Working Paper, SEC(2000) 1832, Brussels, 30.10.2000, p. 15; URL: http://www.bologna-berlin2003.de/pdf/MemorandumEng.pdf (5.5.2006).

[2] European University Continuing Education Network (EUCEN): TRANSfer between Formal, Informal and Non-formal Education (TRANSFINE): Interim report to the European Commission on Phase 1 of the project (30 April to 31 October 2002), 30 November 2002, DG EAC/96473-JA-1-2001-FR, p. 25; URL: http://www.transfine.net/Results/InterimReport_30Nov02.pdf (5.5.2006).

[3] Reichert, Sybille; Tauch, Christian: Trends IV: European Universities Implementing Bologna, published by the European University Association, EUA Publications 2005, p. 25; URL: http://www.eua.be/eua/jsp/en/upload/TrendsIV_FINAL.1117012084971.pdf (5.5.2006).

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