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Credit system

In the Bologna Declaration (1999), the establishment of a system of credits is seen as "a proper means of promoting the most widespread student ↑mobility". It is stated that credits can also "be acquired in non-higher education contexts, including ↑lifelong learning, provided they are recognised by receiving Universities concerned".[1] The European Ministers note in the Berlin Communiqué (2003) that ↑ECTS – European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System is "increasingly becoming a generalised basis for the national credit systems. They encourage further progress with the goal that the ECTS becomes not only a transfer but also an accumulation system".[2] However, although the ECTS is the most widespread credit system in Europe, other credit systems do exist.
Related terms:
↑Diploma Supplement; ↑Learning outcome; ↑Transfer and accumulation of credits

[1] Cf. Bologna, p. 3.

[2] Berlin, p. 4.

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